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 ôn thi 12 phần 2

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Join date : 18/09/2011
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: ôn thi 12 phần 2   Thu Sep 29, 2011 9:51 am

* Clauses and phrases of result:
* Clause of result:
 S - V + SO + adv/ adj + THAT + S - V
 S - V + SUCH + ( a/ an ) + adj + noun + THAT + S - V
 S - V + SO MANY ( plural countable noun) / + THAT + S - V
SO MUCH ( uncountable noun )
* Phrase of result:
 S - V + TOO + adj/ adv + ( for some one ) + TO V
 S - V + ENOUGH + noun + ( for some one ) + TO V
Adj/ adv + ENOUGH
 Exercise: Rewrite these sentences
1. The weather was so bad that all the flights had to be cancelled.  It was such
2. The test wasn’t easy enough for them to do.  The test was too
3. The play we saw yesterday was so difficult that we couldn’t finish it an hour.
 We saw such
4. These goods are so expensive that they can’t be sold quickly.  These goods are too
5. He studied too badly to pass his exam. ( enough ….to )
6. My friend is very strong. He can lift up the table by himself.  My friend is so
7. I ate a lot of sandwiches. I felt uneasy. I ate so many
8. Tom is still too young to join the police.  Tom isn’t
 Exercise: Choose the best answer
1. She was so busy that she couldn’t answer the phone.
A. She was very busy that she couldn’t answer the phone. B. She was too busy to answer the phone.
C. She was too busy not to answer the phone. D. She was very busy so that she could answer the phone.
2. It was -------------- that we went for a hike in the mountains.
A. so a nice day b. so nice day C. such nice day D. such a nice day
3. There are -------------- in the universe that we can not count them.
A. so much stars B. so many stars C. such stars many D. such stars much
4. He has -------------- to do that he can’t go to the cinema with us.
A. so much work B. so many work C. such much work D. such a work
5. Faraday’s father was -------------- poor to send him to school.
A. too B. much C. so D. very
6. It is -------------- book that just a few people like it.
A. so an old B. so old C. such old D. such an old
7. He spoke too -------------- for us to understand.
A. quick B. slow C. quickly D. slowly
8. “ She came too late to see off” or we can say:
A. She came so late to see him off B. She didn’t come early enough to see him off
C. She came early enough to see him of D. She didn’t come late enough to see him off
9. Which sentence is correct?
A. It was such a hot tea that I couldn’t drink it. B. It was such hot tea that I couldn’t drink
C. Tea wasn’t too hot to drink D. Tea was so hot that I couldn’t drink it
10. “ Nobody could move the piano. It was too heavy.
A. The piano was so heavy that nobody couldn’t move B. The piano was too heavy to move
C. It was such a heavy piano that nobody could move it
D. It was such heavy piano that nobody could move it
*Clauses and phrases of purpose:
 Clause: S - V + so that / in order that + S + can/ could/ will/ would + V ( bare – infinitive)
 Phrase:  Khaúng ñònh: S - V + to/ so as to/ in order to + V(bare-inf.)
S - V + in order for some one to + V(bare-inf.)
 Phuû ñònh: S - V + so as not to/ in order not to + V(bare-inf.)
 Exercise: Rewrite these sentences
1. We lower the volume of the radio. We don’t want to bother our neighbors. ( clause of purpose )

2. Please shut the door. I don’t want the dog to go out of the house. ( phrase of purpose )

3. He climbed the tree in order to get a better view. ( clause of purpose )

4. I am going to be very careful so that I won’t have an accident. ( clause of purpose )

5. I wore boots because I didn’t want my feet to get wet. ( phrase of purpose )



 Exercise: Choose the best answer
1. She locked the door --------------.
A. so that to go to bed B. in order to be disturbed
2. C. to enter the house D. in order not to be disturbed
3. The boy always does his homework before class --------------.
A. so as not to be punished by the teacher B. so as to be punished by the teacher
C. so that he will be punished by the teacher D. in order to be punished by the teacher
4. I got up early in order not to be late for school.
A. I got up early so as not to being late for school. B. I got up early so that I won’t be late for school
C. I got up early so that I wouldn’t be late for school D. I got up early for me not to be late for school
5. They whispered. They didn’t want anyone to hear them.
A. They whispered to make anyone hear them. B. They whispered so that no one could hear them.
C. They whispered so that everyone could hear them. D. They whispered in order not to hear them.
6. He wore glasses and false beard so that no one could recognize him.
A. He wore glasses and the false beard in order not to recognize him.
7. B. He wore glasses and the false beard in order to recognize him.
C. He wore glasses and the false beard in order to be recognized.
D. He wore glasses and the false beard in order not to be recognized.
8. I try to learn English well. I want to get a good job.
A. I try to study English well so that I can get a good job.
B. I try to study English well so as I can get a good job.
C. So that I can get a good job, I try to study English well.
D. I try to study English well for me to get a good job.
9. You may put money in a small coin bank --------------.
A. in order to keep it safe B. so as not to keep it safe
C. so that to keep it safe D. to keeping it safe
10. The schoolboys are in a hurry -------------- they will not be for the meeting.
A. so as to B. to C. in order that D. for
11. Which part is not correct in English?
Sound is carried from (A) the eardrum to (B) the nerves so as (C) to we can hear it. (D)
12. He was (A) tired so that (B) he could not (C) continue his (D) work.
IV.Conditional clauses, Wish and If only
* Conditional Clauses:

Loaïi If – clause Main clause
 Future Possible Present: S + V(s/es) Future: S + Will + V(bare)
 Unreal Condition Past simple: S + Ved/2 Would + V(bare)
 Past Unreal Past perfect: S + Had + Ved/3 Would have + Ved/3

 Notes: a. Unless = If …… not
Ex: If you don’t study hard, you’ll fail the exam.  Unless you study hard, you’ll fail the exam.
b. Mixed conditional sentence type II & III: If + S + had(n’t) + V3, S + would(n’t) + Vbare
c. Ta coù theå dieãn taû caâu ñieàu kieän loaïi 2 vaø 3 baèng caùch ñaûo ngöõ maø khoâng caàn duøng If
Ex: If I were rich, I would travel around the world.  Were I rich, I would travel around the world.
*Wish and If only:
Loaïi Wish or if only
 Öôùc cho töông lai S + wish + (that) + S + would + V(bare)
 Öôùc ñieàu traùi vôùi hieän taïi S + wish + (that) + S + Ved/2
 Öôùc ñieàu traùi vôùi quaù khöù S + wish + (that) + S + had + Ved/3
could have + Ved/3
 Exercise: Rewrite these sentences
1. Hurry up or we will be late for the last bus.  If
2. I regret that you didn’t give me a change to tell you the truth.  I wish
3. It was very cold yesterday, so we couldn’t go swimming.  If
4. You talk more than you work. The teacher wants you to work more than to talk.
 The teacher wishes
5. He had a flu because he went out in the rain last night.  If
6. Ellen didn’t have much money in the bank, so she was very worried.  If
7. Stop talking or you won’t understand the lesson.  Unless
8. Why don’t you study hard?  If
9. I’d like to buy this book but I don’t have money to buy it. – If only
10. She can’t buy the dictionary because she doesn’t have enough money.  If
 Exercise: Choose the best answer
1. Are we lost? I think so. I wish we -------------- a map with us today.
A. were bringing B. brought C. had brought D. would bring
2. These figures are too complicated to work out in your head. Yes, ------------- a calculator.
A.I wish we would have B. if only we had C. if only we had had D. I wish we have
3. If Jake ------------- to go on the trip, would you have gone?
A. doesn’t agree B. didn’t agree C. hadn’t agreed D. wouldn’t agree
4. If energy ------------- inexpensive and unlimited, many things in the world would be different.
A. is B. will be C. would be D. were
5. Unless you ------------- all of my questions, I can’t do anything to help you.
A. answered B. answer C. would answer D. are answering
6. Had you told me that this was going to happen, I ------------- it.
A. hadn’t believed B. don’t believe C. can’t believe D. would never have believed
7. My feet are killing me. I wish I ------------- more comfortable shoes.
Year, me too. I wish I ------------- that we were going to have to walk this much.
A. had worn/ knew B. am wearing/ had known
C. were wearing/ would know D. wore/ had known
8. -------------- interested in that subject, I would try to learn more about it.
A. If I am B. Should I C. I was D. Were I
9. If I had enough money, --------------.
A. I will buy that house B. I am buy that house C. I can buy that house D. I could buy that house
10. Had I had time, I -------------- to the beach with you this weekend.
A. will come B. would come C. will have come D. would have come
11. If he -------------- that she was in the hospital, he -------------- to see her.
A. knows/ will come B. knew/ would come
C. had known/ would have come D. has known/will have come
12. If everything is all right, we -------------- our work on time.
A. complete B. are completing C. have completed D. will complete
13. If I were you, I would work hard.
A. You would rather not work so hard B. You should work harder
C. You should work with me. D. Do not work so hard.
14. We didn’t visit the museum because we had no time.
A. If we have time, we will visit the museum. C. If we had had time, we would have visited the museum.
B. If we had time, we would visit the museum. D. If we had had time, we will have visited the museum.
15. -------------- I have time, I will go with you.
A. If B. Unless C. So D. So that
16. -------------- harder, you would have passed the exam.
A. If you studied B. If had you studied C. Had you studied D. Were you studied
17. If the police hadn’t saved me, I -------------- at that time.
A. will die B. would die C. will have died D. would have died
18. -------------- at 4 o’clock, we would have missed seeing Bob.
A. If we had gone B. Had we gone C. because we had gone D. A and B
V.Comparison:
1. Comparative: ( so saùnh hôn )
a. short adj/ adv – er + than
b. more + long adj/ adv + than
2. Superlative: ( so saùnh nhaát)
a. the + short adj/ adv – est
b. the most + long adj/ adv
3. Positive: ( so saùnh baèng )
As + adj/ adv + as
4. Double Comparative: a. The + comparative + S – V, the + comparative + S + V ( caøng ……. Caøng )
b. short adj/ adv – er + and + short adj/ adv – er ( caøng ngaøy caøng )
more and more + long adj/ adv
 Exercise: Choose the best answer
19. Mike is 1.7 meters tall, but Harriet is 1.8 meters.
A. Mike is taller than Harriet. B. Harriet is taller than Mike. C. Mike and Harriet are both tall. D. Mike is as tall as Harriet.
20. You and Luke are both better than --------------. A. I B. me C. my D. mine
21. Which part in this sentence is incorrect in English?
She is (A) the rich (B) woman in (C) the (D) world.
What is (A) the weather (B) like in (C) Ho Chi Minh city? – It is bader and bader. (D)
22. It is becoming -------------- for me to keep up.
A. the most difficult B. more and more difficult C. more difficult than D. the more
23. The lesson is difficult. We try hard.
A. The more difficult the lesson is, the more hard we try B. The more hard we try, the more difficult the lesson is.
C. The more difficult the lesson is, the harder we try. D. The more difficult the lesson is and the harder we try.
24. Tom is the best football player in this team.
A. No one is the best football player in this team. B. No one can play football better than Tom.
C. The best football player in this team is not Tom. D. Tom can play football as well as others in his team.
25. Jane cooks better than her sister.
A. Jane can’t cook better than her sister. B. Jane’s sister can cook better than her.
C. Jane’s sister can’t cook as good as her. D. Jane’s sister can’t cook as well as her.
26. I didn’t spend as much money as --------------.
A. you are B. your C. you spend D. you did
27. They speak English -------------- we do.
A. the most influently B. more influently than C. more and more fluently D. the more fluently
VI.Relative clauses

Subject Object Possession
People
WHO
WHOM

Things
WHICH
WHICH
OF WHICH
*Relative adverbs ( Traïng töø lieân heä )
- Where Place ( nôi choán) (= in, on, at which )
- When Time ( thôøi gian) ( = in, on, at which )
- Why Reason ( lyù do ) ( = for which )
 Notes:
 Meänh ñeà khoâng giôùi haïn( non-restrictive clause) laø meänh ñeà ñöùng sau tieàn ngöõ coù ñaëc ñieåm: laø teân rieâng ( Mr. Long, Mary), coù tính töø sôû höõu( my, our, your, Lan’s), coù caùc töø xaùc ñònh ( this, that, these, those). Khoâng duøng THAT trong meänh ñeà quan heä khoâng giôùi haïn.
 Ta coù theå ñöa giôùi töø leân tröôùc ñaïi töø quan heä whom vaø which
Ex: That’s the man about whom I was talking.
 Ta coù theå duøng Present Participle ( V – ing ) thay theá cho meänh ñeà quan heä mang nghóa chuû ñoäng vaø Past Participle ( Vpp ) cho meänh ñeà quan heä mang nghóa bò ñoäng.
Ex: I like the story which is written by Nguyen Du.  written
 Exercise: Rewrite these sentences
1. This is Rex hotel and it is the biggest hotel in the city. 
2. The dog was very frightened. The boys threw storms at it. 
3. There wasn’t any directory in the telephone box. I was phoning from this box.

4. Her father died last year. She looked after him for over twenty years. 
5. Do you remember the day? We first met on that day. 


 Exercise: Choose the best answer
1. The boy with -------------- I have talked is very successful student.
A. who B. whom C. that D. for that
2. The composition -------------- by Jane was really interesting.
A. to write B. writing C. wrote D. written
3. Fleming’s discovery of penicillin, --------------, had a major influence on the lives of people in the 20th century.
A. which was awarded the Nobel Prize B. which awarded the Nobel Prize
C. that he was awarded the Nobel Prize D. for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize
4. I want you to meet the woman --------------
A. who taught me how to drive B. teaching me how to drive C. that is taught me how to drive D. who is taught me how to drive
5. Mr. Pike, -------------- is our boss, has just come back from Paris.
A. who B. whom C. that D. which
6. The girl -------------- is my new friend.
A. who is sitting on the bench B. that is sitting on the bench C. sitting on the bench D. all are correct
7. We don’t know the reason -------------- Peter is absent today.
A. who B. which C. that D. why
8. Dr Smith is a good doctor. He lives next door.
A. Dr Smith that lives next door is a good doctor. B. Dr Smith who lives next door is a good doctor.
C. Dr Smith, who lives next door, is a good doctor. D. Dr Smith, whom lives next door, is a good doctor.
9. The reading table -------------- I put my books is in the corner of the room.
A. when B. where C. why D. whose
10. It is him -------------- helped me last night. A. who B. that C. which D. whose
11. Anybody -------------- finishes that test early can leave.
A. that B. whom C. why D. when
12. He is the good colleague --------------.
A. to work for us with B. to us for working with C. for working with us D. for us to work with
13. Mary was the last applicant -------------- by that interviewer.
A. to be interviewed B. to be interviewing C. to have interviewed D. to interview
14. I’m hungry. Is there any food -------------- ?
A. to be eaten B. to eat C. eating D. for me eating
15. Dien Bien Phu is a place -------------- our army won a resounding victory in 1954.
A. where B. what C. which D. that
VI.Reported speech:
1. Statements
Ex :“ She is a good student”, said he -> He said that she was a student.
“ They played soccer in the school yard” said he -> He said that they had played soccer in the school yard.


2. Imperative sentences
Ex: " Close the window, please" said he -> He asked me to close the window.

- " Don’t send me this letter, Lan" said Nam -> Nam asked lan not to send him the letter.


3. Yes - No Questions
Ex:" Are you a new student?" said he -> He asked me if I was a student.
“Do you go to school by bike, Hung?” said teacher.
-> The teacher asked Hung if he went to school by bike.



4.Wh – Questions
Ex: “ Where do you live, Lan?” said he -> He asked Lan where she lived.
“ Why did you cry, Tam?” said the fairy -> The fairy asked Tam why she cried.


• NOTES : a.Tenses tranformation

DIRECT REPPORTED SPEECH
- Present simple
Ex: I play volleyball -> Past simple
Ex: I played volleyball
- Present progressive
Ex: I’m playing volleyball -> Past progressive
Ex: I was playing volleyball
- Present perfect
Ex: I have played volleyball - Past perfect
Ex: I had played volleyball
- Past simple
Ex: I played volleyball - Past perfect
Ex: I had played volley ball
- Simple future (will/ shall)
Ex: I will play volleyball - Conditional ( would/should)
Ex: I would play volleyball












b. Adverbs transformation


DIRECT REPPORTED SPEECH
This That
These Those
Here There
Now Then
Today That day
Yesterday The day before / the period day
Ago Before
Last week The week before
Next week The week after/ The following week
Tomorrow The day after / the following day
Must/Have to Had to/ would have to
Must not Was not to ( were not to)
Can Could/ be able
Will/ shall Would/ should/be going to
May Might
- Had better - Used to - Would
- Should - Might - Ought to
- Had better - Used to - Would
- Should - Might - Ought to





















 Exercise: Rewrite these sentences
1. John said to his mother “ I don’t know how to do this exercise”. 
2. “Push as hard as you can” She said to me. 
3. “Don’t wait for me if I am late” He said to her. 
4. “Where are you from, Nam?” said Mai. 
5. Mary said “ I cannot go to the cinema with you, John”. 
6. Tom asked Mary “Did you phone me last night?”. 
7. He asked me “Why didn’t you go to school yesterday?”. 
8. “ Why don’t you stop smoking?” the doctor said to him.  The doctor advised him
9. “How many students are there in your class?”  The man asked me
10. “Have you seen John recently?” said Ann.  Ann asked me
5.Reported Speech With Gerunds:
- Review the structures with GERUND.
(1) S + V + V-ing.
Ex: I denied meeting her. ( stop, deny, admit, mind, consider, advise, mention, suggest, recommend…)
(2) S + V + O + preposition + Ving.
Ex: I accused him of not trying hard.
+ thank s.o for doing s.t.
+ congratulate s.o on doing s.t.
+ apologize to s.o for doing s.t.
+ accuse s.o of doing s.t. + warn s.o against doing s.t.
+ prevent s.o from doing s.t.
+ forgive s.o for doing s.t.
+ suspect s.o of : nghi ngôø ai …

(3) S + pre + V-ing (apologize for, insist on, complain about, object to, dream of, think of/ about, look forward to, …)
*Exercise: Rewrite these sentences
1. “It was nice of you to invite me to your birthday party. Thank you very much.”  Mike thanked …
2. “I must have made a mistake in the calculation.”.Mr Forest admitted …
3. “I’ll pay for the meal.” Sarah insisted ….
4. “Perhaps we can go to Paris for the weekend.”  Neil suggested ……..
5. “I’m sorry I couldn’t come to visit you last summer.”  Kate apologized …
6. “I heard you won the championship. Congratulations!”  dane congratulated …
7. “I wished I had asked for his name and address.”  I regretted …
8. “You are selfish.”  jane accused …
9. “We should take the umbrella with us.” Jack recommended…
10. “Don’t walk in the streets alone at night.” The police warned
 Exercise: Choose the best answer
1. He begged them --------------.
A. help him B. should help him C. to help him D. help to him
2. She said that she -------------- there the year before.
A. went B. had gone C. would go D. goes
3. Peter asked Jane why -------------- the film on T.V the previous night.
A. didn’t she watch B. hadn’t she watched C. she doesn’t watch D. she hadn’t watched
4. They said they -------------- us if we needed.
A. help B. helped C. would help D. had helped
5. He advised them -------------- in class.
A. to not talk B. not to talk C. to talk not D. don’t talk
6. She said to us “Don’t be late again”.
A. She said us not to be late again. B. She told us to be not late again. C. She told to us not to be late again. D. She told us not to be late again.
7. “John shouldn’t have behaved so badly.”, said Janet.
A. Janet doesn't like John's behaviors. B. Janet was angry with John.
C. Janet disliked John. D. Janet objected to John's behaviors.
8. John said “You had better not lend them any money, Daisy”.
A. John said Daisy not to lend them any money. B. John advised Daisy should not lend any money.
C. John said to Daisy not lend them any money. D. John advised Daisy not to lend them any money.
9. “I’m sorry I have to leave so early’, he said.
A. He apologized for having to leave early. B. He apologized to have to leave early.
C. He apologized that he has to leave early. D. He apologized to have left early.
10. “Can I borrow your pen please, Sam?”, said Gillian.
A. Gillian asked Sam if she can borrow his pen. B. Gillian asked Sam if she could borrow his pen.
C. Gillian asked Sam she can borrow his pen. D. Gillian asked Sam she could borrow his pen.
11. “Where did you go last night, Nam?”, said Hoa
A. Hoa said to Nam where had he gone the night before. B. Hoa said to Nam where he had gone the night before.
C. Hoa told Nam where he had gone last night. D. Hoa asked Nam where he had gone the night before.
12. “What were you doing last night, Mr. John?” The police asked.
A. The police asked what were you doing last night, Mr. John. B. The police asked Mr. John what he had been doing the night before.
C. The police asked Mr. John what had he been done the night before. D. The police asked Mr. John what he had done the night before.
13. Some one was wondering if the taxi -------------- yet.
A. had arrived B. arrived C. arrives D. had arrived
14. The government has announced that taxes --------------.
A. would be raised B. had been raised C. were raised D. will be raised
15. Some one -------------- the tickets are free. A. said me B. said me that C. told to me D. told me
16. He said he would do it --------------.
A. yesterday B. the following day C. the previous day D. the day before
17. He proved that the earth -------------- round the Sun.
A. had gone B. was going C. goes D. would go
18. I told you -------------- the computer, didn’t it?
A. to switch off B. don’t switch off C. not switch off D. switch off
19. Claire wanted to know what time --------------.
A. do the banks close B. the banks closed C. did the banks close D. the banks would close
20. Ann -------------- and left.
A. said good bye B. said me good bye C. told me good bye D. goodbye me
VIII. OTHER STRUCTURES:
A.THE INFINITIVE:

1.

Ex:
a. To learn English is difficult.  It is . . .
b. Doing this exercise is easy.  It is . . .

2.
Ex:
a.She walks to school in fifteen minutes.  It takes . .
b.He wrote this letter in thirty minutes.  It took . . .
c.Mary spent many hours learning the lessons.  It took . . .
3.



( Quaù . . . cho ñeán noãi khoâng theå . . . )
Ex:
a. She was so sick that she couldn’t go to work. ( 2 chuû ngöõ gioáng nhau )  She was too . .
b. This soup is too hot for me to eat. -> This soup is so . …………… ( 2 chuû ngöõ khaùc nhau )

4.


Ex:
a. He is too young to understand this problem.-> He isn’t . .
b. The house is too small for six of us to live in. The house isn’t . . .

5.



Ex:
a. The bridge was so low that the lorry couldn’t go under it. -> It was such . .
b. He is such a poor boy that he had to work at an early age. -> The boy was so . . .


6.

Ex:
a. It was wonderful to see our friends again.  Seeing . . .
b. To be watched made me nervous.  Being . . .
c. It is dangerous to ride a motorbike than to drive a car.  Riding . . .

B. BECAUSE + CLAUSE BECAUSE OF + PHRASE

1.




Ex:
a. He always get bad marks because he is lazy.  Because of . .
b. My friend was absent because of her sickness.  My friend was absent because . . .



2.


Ex:
a. Because the weather was wet, the football match was put off.  Because of . . .
b. We were late for school because of the heavy traffic.  Because . . .

3.


Ex: a. Because he drove carelessly, he had an accident.  Because of . . .
b. Because of going out in the rain yesterday, she caught cold.  Because . . .
C. ALTHOUGH / THOUGH + CLAUSE IN SPITE OF / DESPITE + PHRASE
-Although = Though = Even though
-In spite of = Despite
Caùch bieán ñoåi töø Clause -> Phrase töông töï nhö phaàn Because / Because of
Ex:
a. The plane took off though the weather was bad.  In spite of . . .
b. Although he was ill, he went to school.  Despite . . .
c. Although they tried all their best, they lost the game.  In spite of . . .
D.SO / THEREFORE
Ex:- The weather was cold, so no one wants to go out.
- It is raining hard. Therefore, I came back home later than usual.
E. BUT / HOWEVER:
Ex: She looks serious, but she has a sense of humour.
- I have never met her before. However, I think I can make friend with her.
F. NOT ONLY … BUT ALSO:
Ex: The lesson was not only long but also boring.
G. EITHER …OR:
Ex: You can come either tonight or tomorrow.
H. NEITHER …NOR:
Ex: Neither Emma nor Susan gets on well with Chloe.
I. BOTH …AND:
Ex: She likes both swimming and diving.
J. SOME STRUCTURES WITH “ USED”
1. USED TO  Past habit
Ex: When he was young, he used to cry too much.
(+): S + used to + V bare
(-): S + didn’t + use to + V bare
(?): Did + S + use to + V bare?
2. BE USED TO + V-ING / NOUN ( PHRASE )
= GET USED TO + V-ING  Be / Get accustomed to
Ex: My sister is used to getting up early to prepare breakfast.
- Tom gets used to driving on the left hand side.
 Exercise: Choose the best answer
1. Learning to dance is quite expensive.
A. It is expensive to learn to dance. B. It is expensive for learning to dance.
C. It is expensive learning to dance. D. It will be quite expensive if we learn to dance
2. Smoking in the theatre is forbidden.
A. The theatre is forbidden to smoke in. B. It is forbidden form smoking in the theatre.
C. It is forbidden for people to smoke in the theatre. D. It is forbidden to smoke in the theatre.
3. He was very kind to help us.
A. It was very kind of him when he helped us. B. It was very kind of him to help us.
C. It was very kind of him for helping us. D. It was very kind of him because of helping us.
4. It is great fun -------------- holiday summer by the sea.
A. spend B. to spend C. spending D. spent
5. We find it -------------- to do homework.
A. bore B. bored C. boring D. bores
6. It was impossible for them to speak English fluently.
A. They found impossible to speak English fluently. B. They found it possible to speak English fluently.
C. They found it impossible to speak English fluently. D. They found it speaking English fluently possible.
* Exercise :Complete these sentences with Use , Used to or Be used to ( Get used to )
1. They …………………….a computer to do the most complicated calculations .
2. When I was a child , I ………………………….…( go ) swimming everyday .
3. It took me a long time to ………………………………………….( wear ) glasses .
4. Please show me how to ……………………..….this newly published dictionary .
5. There ……………………..………( be ) a cinema on this corner but it was knocked down .
6. These bricks …………………………..…………..( build ) a new school .
7. I’m self-respected . I ………………………………..……….( negative ) ( be ) told what to do .
8. You’ll have to ………………………………..( eat ) less if you want to lose weight .
9. I ………………………….……….( like ) Ann , but now she gets on my nerves .
10. Ron got tired very quickly . He ……………..…………….( negative ) ( run ) so fast .
11. He felt confused about how to ……………………………a spoon and a fork at table .
12. Tom ……………….………………..( drink ) a lot of coffee , when he was a student .
13. At first , she found it very hard to drive on the left-hand side in London , but after a few times she ……………………..………….it .
14. He ………………………….…………….his present working conditions .
15. She ……………………..……………..(study ) eight hours a day .
16. My brother ………………..…………( smoke ) a pack of cigattes a day last year .
17. Money ……………………..………………( buy ) and …………………………………( sell ) goods .
18. He ……………………………………….live in the country .
19. I’ve been ……………………………………………………….this dictionary for many years now .
20. People in most Canada ………………………………………………………English as their first language .

EXERCISES ON SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION
I. NEITHER….NOR/EITHER…OR/NOT ONLY …. BUT ALSO/AS WELL AS/BOTH…AND….
1. He is in London. He is in Paris.(either….or)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. You may watch TV. You may also read a book.(either…..or)…………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. John wasn’t an idler. He wasn’t a gambler.(neither…..nor)………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. The computer can gather facts. It can store them.(not only …but also)……………………………………………………………………..
5. He couldn’t stand up. He couldn’t lie down.(neither….nor)………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6. Peter didn’t understand her. Neither did I.(neither….nor)………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7. This prize will mean an honor for him. It’ll mean an honor for us.(not only ….but also)………………………………………..
8. She sells newspaper. She sells magazine.(both …and)………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
II. USED TO + VERB INFINITIVE
1. He once rode that bicycle to work.………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. They once started these machines by hand. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. I don’t listen to the radio any more. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. John doesn’t have a dog any more. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
5. My brother doesn’t serve the army any longer. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
III. BE USED TO + V- ING / BE USED TO + V or BE USED FOR + V-ING
1. Jamie isn’t accustomed to working so hard. .………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. My mother often gets up early.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. My French friend finds driving on the left difficult. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. This is the first time I’ve lived in a city with a high crime rate. ……………………………………………………………………………..
5. They often go swimming on Sundays. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6. Working in a large office is a new experience for me.……………………………………………………………………………………………..

PHAÀN II HEÄ THOÁNG BAØI TAÄP THEO SAÙT CAÙC ÑÔN VÒ BAØI HOÏC
* * * * *
EXERCISES ON UNIT 1, 2 ( GRADE 12 )
I. PRONUNCIATION: Choose the word with the different pronunciation of the underlined part.
1. A. secrets B. partners C. problems D. employees
2.A. dates B. halves C. speeds D. countries
3.A. missed B. failed C. coughed D. jumped
4.A. ways B. pictures C. questions D. airports
5.A. hands B. brothers C. choices D. situations
6.A. needed B. waited C. pointed D. considered
7.A.painted B. burned C. assured D. involved
8.A. trees B. persons C. parents D. brothers
9.A. lived B. liked C. helped D. stopped
10. A. beloved B. naked C. wicked D. confused
II. VOCABULARY: Choose the word which best fits each gap of the sentence
1. There’s no place like ……………………….
A. house B. home C. home base D. household
2. She was very …………………during my father’s illness.
A. support B. supporter C. supporting D. supportive
3. Please come …………………..and see us some time. You’re always welcome.
A. to B. away C. round D. about
4. They have responsibility………………ensuring that the rules are enforced.
A. on B. for C. in D. with
5. He was always ………………to his father’s wishes when his father was alive.
A. pleased B. interested C. obedient D. disappointed
6. My mother did all the housework………….her own.
A. by B. on C. for D. with
7. Finally, thanks to their parents’ help, they found the …………….to that problem.
A. way B. decision C. condition D. solution
8. We’re now attending evening classes to ………….our English and computer skills.
A. study B. learn C. know D. improve
9. Metro is a very cheap place to buy……………goods such as washing powder and other cleaning products.
A. home B. house C. household D. home-made
10. Despite the fact that he is in his eighties, he still leads good and …………………..life.
A. act B. acting C. active D. action
11. A dictionary helps you…………….the meaning of words.
A. fetch B. determine C. look up D. look up to
12. A(n ) …………………….family consists of three or four generations living together.
A. big B. extended C. widened D. nuclear
13. Members of our family have very close……………….with each other.
A. love B. feeling C. connection D. relationship
14.We are ……………………a survey about how people spend their free time.
A. carrying B. working C. conducting D. performing
15.Women are demanding………….pay for work.
A. same B. similar C. identical D. equal
16. My mother ……………her career as a secretary before marriage to become a good housewife and mother.
A. developed B. sacrificed C. interrutped D. continued
17. He was……………to leave school because he couldn’t afford the fees.
A. obliged B. willing C. able D. make
18. One of the typical ……………of the Vietnamese culture is worshiping ancestors.
A. actions B. methods C. advantages D. features
19. It’s impolite to ask questions about someone’s …………………in many countries.
A. money B. income C. private D. occupation
20. A true friend is someone you can…………………your secret with.
A. tell B. report C. share D. confide
III. GRAMMAR: Supply the correct form of the verbs in parentheses
1/.Rob Fellow ( 1.come ) ………………….from England . He ( 2.come ) …………….to Paris six months ago to learn French . He (3. start ) …………………learning French at school in London when he was eleven , so he ( 4.learn ) ……………….it for nearly 10 years . He ( 5.just , take ) ………………….an exam . If he passes , he ( 6.move ) ………………….into the next class . He (7. be )…………….. excited today because his parents ( 8.come ) ……………tomorrow to stay with him for a few days .
2/.Paul Carrack is a musician and a singer . He ( 1. be ) ……….in the music business for over 20 years . He ( 2.start ) …………….playing professionally while he ( 3. be ) ………….at school . He ( 4. travel ) …………….all over the world . He ( 5. have )…………… his first hit record in 1974 . So far he ( 6. make ) ……………...a lot of records . Young people in America and Britain ( 7. know ) …………………….his name and they ( 8. never, forget ) ……………………….……his number one song “ The Living Years”
3/. Susan and Peter are neighbours . They ( know ) ……………………each other for several years . Susan ( move ) …………into her house in 1985 , and John ( live ) ………………….…next door since he ( come ) ………………to the area in 1980.
4/.The number of the days in a week ( be ) …………………seven .
5/.Either my answer or yours ( be ) ………………………wrong .
6/.The captain as well as the passengers ( be ) ……………………frightened yesterday .
7/.Ten minutes ( be ) ………………………more than enough time to complete this exercise
8/.When I bought my new house , I ( ask ) ………………..for a telephone . The post office told me ( wait ) ……………….…but I ( wait )…………………………a year now and my phone still ( not , come ) …………………
9/.The old in my country ( be ) ………………………………..…cared for by their children and grandchildren .
10/.Neither my brother nor my sisters ( be ) ……………………………………….……too fond of puppet-shows .
11/.Mr. Green , along with his friends , ( be ) ………………………………..…arriving here tonight .
12/.The Japanese ( have ) ………………………………………………a long and interesting history .
13/.Margaret ( come ) ……………………....from Norway , but now she ( live ) ………………….…in Britain. She
( meet ) ……………….her husband , Noel , while she (learn)………………………….English in Cambridge .
14/.Flemming ( work ) …………….…as a worker before the Second world war ( start )……………………
15/.Alex is an artist . He ( draw ) ………………………many beautiful pictures in his lifetime Last week , he
( draw ) ………………………………….a beautiful mountain scene .
16/.Do you think they ( be ) …………………….back by 8:30 ? They ( go ) ………………………..…for nearly an hour and I ( be worried )……………………….…. that something ( happen ) …………………………to them .
17.The police ( investigate )……………………………the bank robbery which ( take ) …………………place last week , but so far they ( discover ) …………………nothing much .
18.Everyone in my family ( shock ) ……………………by that news yesterday.
19/.How long ( you / learn ) …………………………………….English ?
20/.Where ‘s your father ? _ He ( work ) ……………………..…in the garden .
EXERCISES ON UNIT 3, 4 ( GRADE 12 )
I. PRONUNCIATION: Choose the word with the different stress pattern
1.A. status B. detail C. patient D. address
2.A. essential B. attention C. appearance D. photograph
3.A. certainly B. interview C. experience D. secretary
4.A. hotel B. library C. textile D. workplace
5.A. focus B. prepare C. travel D. mention
6.A. agency B. mechanic C. ambitious D. department
7.A.officer B. hospital C. argument D. employer
8.A.education B. comparative C. receptionist D. appropriate
9. A. helpful B. discuss C. lawyer D. singer
10.A. marvel B. conduct C. neglect D. protect
11.A.education B. authority C.achievement D.environment
12.A.historian B. certificate C. academic D. curriculum
13.A.algebra B. general C. disruptive D. competence
14.A.system B.farmer C.summer D.divide
15.A.confirm B.answer C.reserve D.require
16.A.finish B.autumn C.subject D.prefer
17.A.scientific B.systematic C.particular D.independent
18.A.access B.behave C.final D.video
19.A.offer B.reduce C.student D.detail
20.A.primary B.condition C.statistics D.location
II. VOCABULARY: Choose the word which best fits each gap of the sentence
1.The family has a very important role in…………..children.
A.social B.socialist C.socializing D.socialism
2.I tried not to draw……………..to the weak points in my argument.
A.attention B.notion C.intention D. attraction
3.Buckingham Palace is a major tourist…………….in London.
A.attract B.attraction C. attractive D.attractiveness
4.You owe him a (n ) ……………for what you said.
A. signal B.apology C. discussion D. compliment
5.She’s the obvious………….for the job.
A.person B. getter C.choice D. instance
6. Some people think it is …………….to ask someone’s age.
A.impolite B. impatient C.impossible D.impractical
7.The news was greeted with a lack of ………………by those at the meeting.
A.keenness B. politeness C. enthusiasm D. recommendation
8. Please be ……………to all people at the party.
A.polite B.honest C.pleased D. confident
9.Shaking hands is a ………………..greeting.
A. normal B.formal C.abnormal D.conventional
10.Most people really hate being late...............appointments.
A.in B.on C.for D.about
11.Schooling is …………….for all children from the age of 6 to 16 in most countries.
A.must B.a duty C.prohibited D.compulsory
12.Is Japanese on your school’s ……………?
A. plan B.course C.curriculum D.programme
13.If you want to …………….success, you have to put more effort into your work.
A.get B.achieve C.bring D.take
14.Let’s get to the………….of the discussion to save time.
A.core B.centre C.point D. importance
15………………..lines never meet.
A.Similar B.Parallel C.Endless D.Straight
16.At an early …………….of the film industry, films were more than moving pictures.
A.stage B. times C.age D. part
17.Vietnamese women used to stay at home………the household years ago.
A.controlling B.running C.finishing D.completing
18.Couples should discuss family problems………….and directly to find solutions.
A.rightly B.truly C.really D. frankly
19.Put things in ………………..to make the problem easier to understand.
A. details B.chart C.section D.categories
20. His………….research has proved that he was a promising student.
A.careless B.wasteful C.methodical D. hard-working
III.GRAMMAR: A.Finish the second sentence, using Reported speech.
1. Teacher : “ Do your homework.”-The teacher told me ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. “ Would you like to spend the weekend with us ?”- They invited her ……………………………………………………………………………
3. “ Could you open the window please ?”- She asked him…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
4. “ Go to bed immediately!” Mary’s mother told her.- Mary mother’s ordered……………………………………………………………
5. “ Don’t forget to post the letter !”- He reminded me………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. “ Pleas,please, turn down the radio !”- Mark’s sister begged ………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. “ Don’t play with the matches. They’re very dangerous !” the teacher told the children.
- The teacher warned ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. “ I’ll give you a lift to the airport,” Michelle said to her husband.- Michelle offered……………………………………………..
9. “ It was nice of you to help me. Thanks very much,”George told me.- George thanked……………………………………….
10. “ I’ll take you to the airport. I insist,”Tom told Ann.- Tom insisted on……………………………………………………………………….
11. “ So you’ve won a scholarship to study in the UK. Congratulations!” Jim said to me.- Jim congratulated…….
12. “ It was nice of you to stay here with me tonight. Thank you,” Mrs.Bond told Sue.
- Mrs. Bond thanked ……………………………………..
B. Rewrite these sentences, using Passive voice
1.They can’t make tea with cold water . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2.The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant .……………………………………………………………………………..
3.Somebody has taken away some of my books . ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.They will hold the meeting before May day . ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5.They have to repair the engine of the car . ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6.The boys broke the window and took away some pictures . …………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. People spend a lot of money on advertising every year . ……………………………………………………………………………………
8. They may use this room for the classroom . ……………………………………………………………………………………………
9. The teacher is going to tell a story .……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. People built this house 100 years ago . …………………………………………………………………………………
11. Nobody has ever treated me with such kindness.-………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. We must take good care of books borrowed from the library.-………………………………………………………………………………………
EXERCISES ON UNIT 5, 6 ( GRADE 12 )
I. PRONUNCIATION: Choose the word with the different stress pattern
1. A. favourite B. indicate C. decisive D. difficult
2.A. rural B. science C. result D. happen
3.A. identity B. economics C. security D. philosophy
4.A. general B. impatient C. proportion D. performance
5.A. option B. advance C. action D. entrance
6.A. proficiency B. certificate C. psychology D. mathematics
7.A.tutorial B. majority C. available D. consequences
8.A. obligatory B. undergraduate C. international D. agricultural
9.A. encounter B.reference C. insurance D. appointment
10.A. original B. institution C.application D. graduation
11.A. confident B.position C. interview D. advertise
12.A. advice B. effort C. polite D. comment
13.A. secondary B. particularly C. hospitable D. responsible
14.A. enthusiastic B. qualification C. international D. recommendation
15.A. vacancy B. remember C. impression D. position
16.A.previous B. customer C. interest D. reliance
17.A. agency B. character C. fantastic D. challenging
18.A. certificate B. irrigation C. electrician D. disappointed
19.A. available B. experience C. accompany D. regulation
20.A. application B. emergency C. distribution D. entertainment
II. VOCABULARY: Choose the word which best fits each gap of the sentence
1.Fill out the …………….form provided below and submit it electronically.
A. apply B. applying C. application D. applicant
2. This paper presents a construction model based on …………….factors.
A. decide B. decision C. deciding D. decisive
3. To satisfy this ……………….., you must complete the 15 year-long high school courses listed below.
A. require B. required C. requiring D. requirement
4…………………education is normally taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education.
A. High B. Tertiary C. Elementary D. Secondary
5.All recommenders should enclose the ………letter in an envelope with their name signed across the seal.
A. apology B. reference C. complaint D. preference
6. An…………..examination is an examination that many educational institutions use to select students for admission.
A. final B. first C. entrance D. last
7.A. The primary document for personal identification is the national …………….card.
A. playing B. phone C. credit D. identity
8.For participants from academic institutions, the ………………..fee is 150 EUR.
A. tutorial B. learning C. month D. yearly
9. During the examination, any communication between the ………………is prohibited.
A. examiners B. candidates C. applicants D. interviewers
10. In some educational systems, …………….education is post-secondary education up to the level of a bachelor’s degree.
A. graduate B. postgraduate C. undergraduate D. lower-graduate
11.Many applicants find a job interview……………..if they are not well-prepared for it.
A. impressive B. stressful C. threatening D. time-consuming
12.To carry out…………….in education, new textbooks are being piloted in some schools in the country.
A. reforms B. changes C. progress D. growth
13. Goods of foreign …………displayed in the exhibition drew the attention of most consumers.
A. name B. mark C. produce D. manufacture
14. Our school…………….talented students from every part of the country provided that they have passed the entrance examination and are well-qualified.
A. has B. admits C. agrees D. grasps
15. Today modern ………………are applied to traditional crafts, which saves a lot of time.
A. kinds B. things C. skills D. techniques
16. Children often dream to be a Spiderman or a Batman, ………………characters in films.
A. imagine B. imagination C. imaginary D. imaginative
17. I don’t want to put……………….on you to make a decision but we don’t have much time left.
A. pressure B. order C. challenge D. responsibility
18. To become a university student, you have to meet its…………….such as a GCSE certificate.
A. wishes B. needs C. questions D. requirements
19. We have a …………….for a typist, so you can apply for it if you want.
A. job B. place C. position D. vacancy
20. Do you have any …………….to make on the latest report ?
A. comment B. idea C. effort D. decision
III.GRAMMAR:
A. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES : * Put the verbs in parentheses into the correct form .
0. If he (get) …………………… up early, he’d get to work on time .
1. If you could take part in the game, there(be) ……………………..a lot of fun
2. If they (be) ……………………….there , they would participate in the march.
3. Andy would give me that book if he (have) ……………………it .
4. If he (try)…………………………harder, he might succeed in getting the ball .
5. What you ( do )…………………..… , if you are free ?
6. If I ( have )…………………….. enough money , I ‘d buy this book .
7. If I were not busy doing my homework , I ( go )……………... to the pictures .
8. If I ( know )………………………….., I would help you .
9. If you ( meet )…………………………… him tomorrow , please give him this book .
10. If I ( know )…………………………….. what you are doing , he ‘d be very surprised .
11. If my sister ( be )………………………….. here now , she ‘d be very surprised to meet you .
12. If he ( study )………………………………. a little harder , he ‘d pass the test .
13. we ‘d play football , If the weather ( be )……………………… nice .
14. Will you ( help )…………………………….. me , if I need you ?
15. If Peter studies his lesson carefully , he ( get)……………….…… good marks .
16. We can’t write to Mr. Thompson , if he ( not send )……………………..… us his address .
17. If I could take a trip this summer , I ( go )…………………….. to Dallas .
18. Mary ( help )…………………………. you , if you want .
19. If my friend ( be )…………………… here now , he’d help me .
20. If I ( make )………………….… that mistake again , my father will get angry with me .
21. We wouldn’t understand Miss Lee , if she ( speak )…………………………..… too fast .
22. What you (do)………………………………... , if you were a famous actor ?
** . Sentence transformation
1.Minerals will be used up if we don't conserve them. Unless …………………………………………………………………………
2.You won’t be able to catch the morning bus if you don’t get up before 4 o’clock. Unless ...……………………….
3.I don’t know the answer so I can’t tell you.  If ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
4.They must hurry or they will miss the bus. If…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
5.John is fat because he eats so many chips.  If …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6.I’ll help you if you promise to work harder.  Unless ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
7.He can not go out to night because she is busy. If……………………………………………………………………………………………………
8.There will be a shortage of water unless it rains.  If ……………………………………………………………………………………………………
9.I’ll help you if you promise to work harder. Unless ... ……………………………………………………………………………………………
10.You will catch a cold unless you keep your feet dry.  If …………………………………………………………………………………………
.If he doesn’t start work right away, he’ll never finish it. Unless………………………………………………………………………………..
12.If she doesn’t work harder, she’ll lose her job. Unless …………………………………………………………………………………………….
B.RELATIVE CLAUSE
* Fill in the blanks with relative pronouns or relative adverbs, where necessary.
1. Let me see all the letters …………………………………………….…… you have written.
1. Is there anyone …………………………………….…… can help me do this?
2. Mr. Brown, …………………………………..… is only 34, is the director of this company.
3. I know a place……………………………………. … roses grow in abundance.
4. It was the nurse ……………………………………………… told me to come in.
5. The teacher with ………………………………….…… we studied last year no longer teaches in our school.
6. They showed me the hospital ………………………………………………… buildings had been destroyed by US bombing.
7. We saw many soldiers and tanks …………………………………………….………… were moving to the front.
8. Dr. Fleming, ………………………………….… discovered penicillin, was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1945.
9. He joined the political party ………………………………….……… was in power.
10. Love, ……………………………………….………… is a wonderful feeling, comes to everyone sometime in his life.
11. Freedom is something for ……………………………………………………… millions have given their lives.
12. It is easy to find faults in people …………………………………………………..…… we dislike.
13. The really happy people are those …………………………………………….…… enjoy their daily work.
14. We must find a time …………………………..…… we can meet and a place ………………………………………… we can talk.
15. This is the house …………………………………………………We often stay in the summer.
16. She doesn’t know the reason …………………………………………….……her son left school.
17. The child smiled at the woman………………………………………………he didn’t know
18. Children enjoyed reading the books………………………………..…have coloured pictures
19. Here is the beach…………………………………………………….……is the safest for swimmer.
** Fill in the blanks with relative pronouns or relative Adverbs, give the commas where necessary :
1) Mr. Brown…………………………………………... is only 34 is the director of this company.
2) Dr Fleming …………………………………………. discovered penicillin was awarded the Nobel prize for medicine in 1945.
3) Love…………………………………………….….. is wonderful feeling comes to every one at some time in his life.
4) Freedom is smth for ……………………………………………………... millions have given their lives.
5) Hoan Kiem lake …………………………………………….… water is always blue is a historical place.
6) It was this nurse ………………………………………………………….… told me to come in.
7) It is easy to find faults in people ………………………………………………………..…… we dislike.
Cool Our teacher. …………………………………………………………………... parents are Greek speaks English perfectly.
EXERCISES ON UNIT 7, 8 ( GRADE 12 )
I. PRONUNCIATION: A.Choose the word with the different stress pattern
1. A. develop B. investment C. equipment D. government
2.A. eliminate B. renovation C. economic D. irrigation
3.A. solution B. domestic C. enterprise D. commitment
4.A. policy B. reaffirm C.hospital D. communist
5.A. subsidy B. initiate C. substantial D. restructure
6.A. congress B. measure C. problem D. consume
7.A. productivity B. economical C. agricultural D. administrative
8.A. renovation B. inefficient C. minority D. introduction
9.A. stagnant B. dissolve C. reform D. expand
10.A. dominate B. inflation C. constantly D. subsequence
B. Choose the word with the different pronunciation of the underlined part
1.A. future B. endure C. failure D. burden
2.A. period B. office C. modern D. holiday
3.A. wiped B. coughed C. watched D. threatened
4.A. shaken B. matter C. classmate D. compensate
5.A. without B. resident C. micro D. conflict
6.A. enrich B. science C. enable D. encourage
7.A. echo B. chores C. chemist D. Christmas
8.A. never B. depend C. petrol D. methane
9.A. days B. sandy C. straight D. progress
10.A. read B. speak C. ahead D. breathe
II. VOCABULARY: Choose the word which best fits each gap of the sentence
1. The most important impact of ……..is the change in urban economic life.
A. renew B. recycle C. change D. renovation
2. In the past five years alone, the U.S government has handed out more than £ 95 billion in agricultural…………… .A. supports B. relations C. subsidies D. opportunities
3. We need a ………..improvement in sales so that they are greater.
A. greatly B. substantial C. economic D. particularly
4……………can be defined as the overall general upward price movement of goods and services in an economy.
A. inflation B. Promotion C. Development D. Advancement
5. The economy of Qatar is ………..by oil and natural gas, which accounts for 70% of export income.
A. owned B. checked C. dominated D. measured
6. Former employees of ………entities can be hired as individuals by civil authorities as security guards.
A. solved B. dissolved C. developing D. bankrupt
7. The Education Minister is expected to reaffirm the government’s ………..to faith schools at a conference today.
A. ensure B. promise C. responsible D. commitment
8. IBM has ………………a worldwide battery exchange program for certain rechargeable batteries.
A. departs B. initiated C. began D. start
9. Some new …………….that the Government plans to announce soon are expected to have a strong impact on the overheating market.
A. agencies B. reform C. policies D. production
10. The level of development in our rural villages has been………for decades.
A. stagnant B. adopted C. achieved D. inefficient
11. Americans remain………about the state of the environment and want prompt action taken to improve its health.
A. pessimist B. pessimists C. pessimism D. pessimistic
12. Nowadays, ………..poses a grave threat to individuals’ lives and national security around the world.
A. terroism B. terrorist C. terrorize D. terrorized
13.An economic ………………brings a significant increase in layoffs and unemployment.
A. developing B. development C. depression D. depressive
14. You couldn’t have seen Mr. Jaw on the street near here. He……………so many years ago.
A. came B. vanished C. appeared D. disappeared
15. These projects have made remarkable……….in explaining major diseases and life science issues that affect people’s health.
A. progress B. approach C. achieve D. gaining
16. It is undeniable that parents are…………. for their child’s behaviour .
A. involved B. responsible C. in charge D. concerned
17. Contrary to some people’s view, …………..are generally seen in a positive light.
A. rich B. poor C. pessimists D. optimists
18. Even if your physical appearance, unique personality or social skills a
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